General

Sulfur (S) properties


Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number

sulfur is a naturally occurring element with the element symbol S and the atomic number 16. In the periodic table it stands with an atomic mass of 32.06 u in the 6th main group. The chemical element is not radioactive and is in a solid state at room temperature.

Wanted poster: Sulfur

General
Chemical element:sulfur
Symbol:S
Atomic number:16
Group:Chalkogene
Period:3
Block:p-block
Series:non-metals
Appearance:yellow
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Year of discovery:primeval
Atomic properties
Atomic mass:32.06 u
Atomic radius:100 pm
Covalent radius:102 pm
Van der Waals radius:180 pm
Electron configuration:Ne 3s2 3p4
ionization:999.6 kJ / mol
Physical Properties
Physical state:firmly
Density:2.07 g / cm3
Crystal structure:orthorhombisch
Magnetism:diamagnetic
molar volume:15,53 · 10-6 m3/ mol
Mohs hardness:2
Melting point:115 ° C
Boiling point:445 ° C
Heat of fusion:1.713 kJ / mol
Heat of vaporization:45 kJ / mol
Thermal conductivity:0.205 W
Chemical properties
electronegativity:2,58

Did you know that ...

  • Sulfur in solid state appears yellow and gaseous red?
  • in the body's own amino acids sulfur is an important element?
  • Sulfur was already used by the ancient Egyptians for disinfecting?
  • Can plants be fertilized with sulfur fertilizer?
  • Sulfur can be broken down by volcanoes?