Surname: (Weißkopfsee) Eagle
Latin name: Haliaeetus
size: up to 1m
mass: 3 - 8kg
Older: 10 - 20 years
Appearancewhite neck, yellow beak
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Carnivore
food: Fish, small birds and mammals
distribution: North America
original origin: North America
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: near fish-rich waters
natural enemies: /
sexual maturityat the age of five
mating season: March May
breeding season: 40 - 50 days
clutch size: 2 - 3 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: Yes
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the eagle
- The bald eagle is the heraldic animal of the United States and enjoys a high reputation in the population.
- Female white-headed eagle are significantly larger than male white-headed eagle.
- The food of the eagle consists almost exclusively of fish. But on occasion, the bald eagle spurns no larger mammals such as rabbits, squirrels, beavers, rats or raccoons. Even the chasing away of foreign prey in other birds of prey has already been observed.
- Eagles only lay between one and three eggs a year.
- When breeding and caring for the offspring help both parents. While one eagle hunts, the other guards the boys. As a rule, the eggs or hatched boys are never left alone.
- Bald eagles always return to the place of their birth for oviposition. Not infrequently, they even resort to the old nest.
- Once two bald eagles have found each other, they stay together for a lifetime.
- Fifty years ago, the bald eagle was considered almost extinct. Through intensive protection measures, the population has recovered to this day and is again between 20,000 and 50,000 eagles.
- Bald eagles have no natural enemies. That puts them at the top of the food chain.
- In the US, the National Eagle Repository has a dedicated bureau for the management of dead eagles. The unauthorized possession of dead or live eagles is punishable and must be explicitly approved by the authority.