General

The great tit - Wanted poster


Characteristics

Surname: Great tit
Other names: /
Latin name: Parus major
class: Birds
size: 12 - 14cm
mass: 15 - 20g
Older: 2 - 5 years
Appearance: black-blue head mask, yellow belly plumage, olive wing wings
Sexual dimorphism: weak
Nutrition type: mainly insectivores (insektivor)
food: Beetles, spiders, insect larvae, seeds
distribution: Europe, North Africa, parts of Asia
original origin: probably Central Europe
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: unspecific; during breeding season prefers forests
natural enemies: Magpie, hawk, sparrowhawk
sexual maturity: towards the end of the first year of life
mating season: February - April
breeding season: about 14 days
clutch size: 5 - 12 eggs
social behavior: swarming
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the great tit

  • The great tit or Parus major describes a songbird species within the passerine birds, which is widespread in Europe, but also occurs in large parts of Asia and the Middle East.
  • Great tits are found in public parks and parks, gardens and allotments as well as in forests and meadows.
  • Depending on its area of ​​distribution, the great tit lives as a subcontractor or as a stand bird, which is mainly true to its location throughout the year, especially in southern countries.
  • Great tits like to stay near or in human settlements and are welcome guests of garden owners. Like the blue tits, they are often observed at feeding sites, especially in winter, but also in the breeding season.
  • As breeding areas, the great tit prefers dense forests with a high deciduous tree population.
  • The most striking distinguishing feature of the great tit is its deep black to blue-black head drawing, which also owes her German name.
  • The black color also continues at the throat and in the form of a wide band along the middle of the abdomen. The rest of the underside has a lemon or sulfur yellow color, the wings appear olive green.
  • The cheeks stand out clearly in the otherwise black face by the white coloring.
  • Great tits grow a maximum of fourteen inches and weigh about twenty grams. The wingspan of adult birds is about 25 centimeters.
  • The great tit is an omnivore that feeds on both seeds and nuts as well as various insects and their larvae as well as worms.
  • Great tits are cave-breeders, who softly pad their nests with hair, moss and feathers in the trunks of old trees. Occasionally, a pair of great tits takes a mailbox.
  • In the nest, the female lays up to twelve eggs per clutch, which are incubated for about two weeks.
  • The chicks stay in the nest for about three weeks and are then fed by their parents for about fourteen days.
  • The life expectancy of the great tit is about five years.
  • Many great tit fall victim to magpies, cats, hawks or sparrowhawks.