Surname: Laurel cherry
Latin name: Prunus laurocerasus
Other names: /
plant family: Rose bushes
Number of species: ?
circulation area: Northern Hemisphere
original distribution area: presumably Eastern Anatolia
Location of the plant: undemanding
Blдtter: leathery surface, dark green
Frьchte: round, blue-black fruits (poisonous!)
Hцhe: 1 - 5m
Older: perennial plant
use: Ornamental plant
Plant information: Laurel cherry
The cherry laurel or Prunus laurocerasus is a shrub or tree that belongs to the family of rose plants. Originally the laurel cherry, which is also known under the common name cherry laurel, was native to Western Asia and the southern regions of Europe, where it grows as a medium-sized tree. Today it is also found as an ornamental shrub in many countries of temperate zones. Depending on the variety, the frosty and evergreen plant can grow up to five meters tall and is extremely undemanding. It thrives in almost every soil and location in the sun, in the shade or partial shade.
In Europe, the laurel cherry is a popular plant that adorns both parks and private gardens. Due to the dense and evergreen foliage, the shrub is especially suitable as a screen and is therefore often planted as a hedge. However, as it spreads quickly and proliferates, a regular cut is important so that it does not get out of hand in the garden. As an ornamental plant the laurel cherry has been very popular in Europe since the 16th century, but especially in the UK.
The colloquial name of the plant originated from the cherry-like fruits as well as the foliage of the bush, which consists of many leathery, shiny and deep-green leaves, which strongly remind of laurel leaves due to their oval and oblong shape. From the aromatic fragrant white flowers, which sit on about twelve centimeters long grapes, in August and September form the spherical stone fruits, which appear only green and later with the maturity black blue.
The leaves develop a characteristic smell of bitter almonds when rubbed, which indicates the high content of poisonous blue-red acid. Many animals die after eating the leaves death by a cyanide poisoning. In addition to the leaves, the poisonous cyanide is also contained in the seeds of the fruits, which is why especially children of laurel cherries must be kept away.
This information is for scholastic work only and is not intended to identify edible or inedible plants. Eat or Never use found plants or fruits without appropriate expertise!
Pictures: laurel cherry